A database server is a computer program that provides database services to other computers or systems. These services can include storage, retrieving, and updating data. Database servers are used by many different types of computers, such as web servers, mobile phones, and microcontrollers.
Proprietary and Open Source Servers
A database server can be either proprietary or open source. A proprietary database server is a software application owned by a specific company and released under its exclusive control. An open-source database server is one whose source code is available for anyone to use, modify, and distribute freely.
While open-source databases have gained popularity recently, proprietary database servers still have some advantages. Proprietary database servers are usually more feature-rich and easier to use than open-source alternatives. They also tend to be better supported, with faster response times to new features and bug fixes.
However, open-source databases have significantly developed in recent years, and many now offer comparable features and performance to their proprietary counterparts. In addition, open-source databases are often less expensive to license and maintain. As a result, the choice of database server depends on the specific application’s needs.
Examples of Database Servers
Two examples of popular database servers include Microsoft SQL Server and MySQL.
Microsoft SQL Server
Microsoft SQL Server is a database system created by Microsoft. It stores and retrieves data as tasked by other software running on another computer across a network or on the same computer. These requests are completed using Structured Query Language (SQL). The current version of Microsoft SQL Server is called SQL Server 2019.
Microsoft SQL Server is used in various settings, including small businesses, large organizations, web servers, and even personal computers. The product integrates well with other products in the Microsoft lineup, such as SharePoint, Exchange, and Active Directory. It can also be used with non-Microsoft products.
One advantage of using Microsoft SQL Server is that it offers high levels of security. The product has been developed with safety in mind from the ground up and uses several features to help protect data, including encryption, role-based security, and auditing.
Another advantage of using Microsoft SQL Server is that it offers high levels of scalability. This means that the product can be used in small businesses with just a few users and large enterprises with hundreds or even thousands of users. The product is also highly available, meaning it can be used in mission-critical applications where uptime is essential.
There are a few disadvantages to using Microsoft SQL Server as well. One drawback is that the product can be complex to administer. This is especially true in large organizations with hundreds or even thousands of databases. However, because it is very popular, finding a database administrator or DBA for a Microsoft SQL Server isn’t hard.
Another disadvantage is that Microsoft SQL Server may not be the best choice for every organization. Some organizations prefer open-source database management systems such as MySQL or PostgreSQL instead.
MySQL is a free, open-source relational database management system (RDBMS). It is a popular choice for web applications and is used by some of the most prominent websites, including Facebook, Twitter, and YouTube. While MySQL has many advantages, it also has some disadvantages.
What are some of its advantages? MySQL is a fast, reliable, and scalable database solution. It is easy to use and has a wide range of features. It is also available on most operating systems and can be easily installed.
Because it is popular, it has good documentation and a large community of users who can provide support. Additionally, MySQL is frequently updated with new features and security fixes. Also, for those on a budget, many web hosting providers offer MySQL as a free database solution. And even better, some web hosting providers offer managed MySQL databases, which take care of administration and maintenance tasks for you.
As for its disadvantages, the first is that MySQL does not have some of the advanced features that are available in other RDBMSs, such as Microsoft SQL Server. Second, the open-source nature of MySQL means that there is no single vendor responsible for developing and supporting the software. This can make it more challenging to get help when you need it. And finally, while MySQL is free to download and use, you may need to pay for support or commercial add-ons if you want advanced features or assistance from a vendor.
Overall, MySQL is a good choice for most web applications. However, you should know its limitations before choosing it as your database solution.
Each database server has its own unique capabilities that make it suited for different types of applications and workloads. If your business needs a server, remember when choosing that it’s essential first to assess your needs to select the right one for you.